Daniele Santoro

Academic degree:

Professional category:
Investigador Integrado

Research group(s):
Teoria Política



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Institutional address:

Universidade do Minho
Instituto de Letras e Ciências Humanas
Campus de Gualtar
4710-057 Braga

Short bionote:

I am a researcher at the Centre for Ethics, Politics, and Society, where I am also in charge of Political Philosophy Research Area and the Center Seminar Series.
I previously held appointments at Luiss University (where I also taught courses in political philosophy, history of political thought, philosophy of social sciences, and bioethics) and at the National Research Council of Italy.
I earned a Ph.D. in Philosophy of Law from the University of Padua and held research fellowships at the Institute for Advanced Study of Aix-Marseille University, and the Hoover Chaire of UCL Lou- vain.
My current interests are in constitutional rights, the justification of dissent, and the epistemic aspects of rights. My contributions on these and related subjects have appeared for Social Epistemology, Philosophy and Social Criticism, Philosophia, Philosophical Topics, and in edited volumes for Routledge and Continuum. I am the author of Speaking Truth to Power — A Theory of Whistleblowing, Springer 2018 (with Manohar Kumar).

Research interests:

Political Philosophy and Political Theory: public interest, whistleblowing, government secrecy, epistemic aspects of justice and democracy, constitutional rights, Philosophy of Law: legal responsibility, pragmatic and inferential accounts of legal concepts.


Associate Professorship in Political Philosophy (14/A1 - SPS/01) —Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, since September 2018

Professional experience:

Researcher — Centre for Ethics, Politics, and Society —University of Minho (FCT position n. SFRH/BPD/108669/2015), 2016-present

Senior Research Fellow — Italian National Research Council - Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies, (IRPPS-CNR) Rome, 2015-2016

Lecturer — Department of Political Science, Luiss University - Rome, 2010—2016.

Institutional positions:

Coordinator of the Political Theory Research Group

Coordinator of Research Seminar Series in Ethics and Political Philosophy


  • 2018 - ... (Coordenador)

    A Theory of Public Interest

    A Theory of Public Interest. An Investigation in Philosophy and Public Policy (waiting for fundings)
  • 2016 - ... (Coordenador)

    Liberty and Security in a Brave New World

    Liberty and Security in a Brave New World:  New Perspectives on Democratic Accountability, Whistleblowing, and the Right to Information”
    Hosting institution: Center for Ethics, Politics, and Society, Institute of Letters and Humanities, University of Minho - Braga
    Funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (grant n. SFRH/BPD/108669/2015)



  • Speaking Truth to Power. A Theory of Whistleblowing (with Manohar Kumar), Springer International, Philosophy and Politics - Critical Explorations series. ISBN: 978-3-319-90721-5


  • “Socialism, perfectionist style. On William Edmundson, John Rawls: Reticent Socialist”, Ethical Perspectives, Book Symposium on William Edmundson, Ethical Perspectives, (2019) 2: 359-365. doi: 10.2143/EP.26.2.0000000;
  • “A Cosmopolitanism of Fear: The Global Significance of Terrorism after 9/11”, Knowledge Culture, 6(3), 2018, pp. 28-42.  DOI:;

  • "A justification of whistleblowing", Philosophy & Social Criticism Vol 43, Issue 7, pp. 669 - 684 (with M. Kumar)

  • “Proceduralism and the Epistemic Dilemma of Supreme Courts”, (with F. Liveriero), Social Epistemology, Volume 31- Issue 3: Epistemic Democracy, Deliberative Quality and Expertise,  Guest Editor Cathrine Holst, pp. 310-323, DOI:;

  • “Responsabilità e ragionamento controfattuale” (Responsibility and Counterfactual Reasoning), in Pierluigi Graziani, Giorgio Grimaldi e Massimo Sangoi "Animali Razionali. Studi sui confini e sulle possibilità della razionalità”, Isonomia Epistemologica, vol. 7, 2015, pp. 133-158. ISSN: 2037-4348;
  • “Spiegazioni, omissioni e resoconti causali” (Explanations and Causal Assertions), Isonomia - Epistemologica Special Issue: "Mettere a Fuoco il Mondo. Conversazioni sulla filosofia di Achille C. Varzi”. Guest editors: Elena Casetta and Valeria Giardino, pp. 71-84 . ISSN: 2037-4348;
  • “Not By Bread Alone: Inequality, Relative Deprivation and Self-respect,” with Eszter Kollar, Philosophical Topics, Vol. 40, No. 1, Spring 2012 - Special Issue: “Rethinking Inequality: theoretical and empirical perspectives”. Guest editors: Patti Lenard, Monique Deveaux, pp. 79-96;
  • “New Perspectives on Analytic Pragmatism”, Philosophia, 1, 40 (1): 1-11 (with Carlo Penco);
  • “The Modal Bond of Analytic Pragmatism”, Ethics & Politics, XI, 1, pp. 385-411
  • “Norms out of exemplarity: on the principle vs practice-based models of judgment”, in Leonardo Marchettoni (ed), Validità esemplare, estetica e politica,  vol. VI, numero monografico: Validità esemplare, estetica e politica, no. VI,  2009, pp. 52-66.
  • “Patologie dell’impresa” (Patologies of the Corporation), in Filosofia e Questioni Pubbliche, Vol. 10: 1, pp. 203-216;
  • “Democrazia e presupposti del discorso pratico” (Democracy and the Normative Presuppositions of Practical Discourse), Filosofia e questioni pubbliche, No. 1,  Vol. 7, 2002, pp. 233-244
  • “L’equilibrio riflessivo e i nodi irrisolti del coerentismo morale” (Reflective Equilibrium and the Unsolved Riddles of Moral Coherentism), Filosofia e Questioni pubbliche, Vol. 7: 1, pp. 23-29 (in Italian);

Book chapters

  • “Populismo e Sfera Pubblica Digitale” in Emanuele Profumi (ed), Ripensare la politica. Immagini del possibile e dell’alterità, ETS, Pisa (in Italian)
  • “A Right to Protection for Whistleblowers” (with M. Kumar), in Daniele Archibugi and Ali Emre Benli, (eds), Claiming Citizenship Rights in Europe. Emerging Challenges and Political Agents, Routledge - Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 186-203, ISBN: 978-1-138-03673-4 (hbk);
  • “Shall integration tests trump the right to family reunification?”, (with Silvia Cavasola), in Contemporary migrations: fluxes, policies, and politics, edited by Silvia Cavasola and Raffaele De Mucci, Luiss University Press, pp. 93-16.
  • "Famiglia”  in Mario Ricciardi, Andrea Rossetti, Vito Velluzzi (eds), Filosofia del diritto. Norme, concetti, argomenti, Carocci, Roma.
  • “Causes and Blame: A Pragmatic Analysis”, in F. Bacchini, M. Dell’Utri, Stefano Caputo and Massimo Dell'Utri, (eds) New Advances in Causation Agency and Moral Responsibility- Proceedings of the XII SIFA Conference, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 106-120;
  • “Responsibility and Causation. A Pragmatist View”, in Graham Hubbs and Douglas Lind (eds), Pragmatism, Law, and Language, Routledge, Routledge Series in Contemporary Philosophy, London and New York
  • “Public Reason and Models of Judgment”, in Losonczi, P., Singh, A. (eds), From Political Theory to Political Theology. Religious Challenges and the Prospects of Democracy, Bloomsbury Continuum, London, pp. 31-46
  • “Ontologia sociale e intenzionalità” in C. Tatasciore, Pierluigi Graziani, Giorgio Grimaldi (eds), Prospettive filosofiche: Il realismo, Istituto Italiano per gli Studi Storici, CUEN, Napoli, pp.181-193;

Other publications

  • Review of The Democratic Horizon. Hyperpluraism and the Renewal of Political Liberalism, by Alessandro Ferrara, Cambridge University Press, Democratic Theory, Vol. 1, no. 2, 2015
  • Review of Philipp Johnson-Laird, How We Reason (Oxford University Press, 2006), Metapsychologyonline, http:\\
  • Review of the Sixth European Conference in Analytic Philosophy - Krakow, August 2009, Humana.Mente,  Vol. 8, pp. XV-XX (with Vera Tripodi)
  • Review of V. Marzocchi, Reason as a Public Discourse (Liguori, Napoli, 2001), Iride, I, (in Italian)
  • “Discussion of Elvio Baccarini, Moral Realism”, Acta Analytica, (29), October, pp.151-159;
  • Discussion of Robert Brandom, Articulating Reasons, Harvard University Press, Croatian Journal of Philosophy, vol. I, 3, pp. 363-365.

Organização de eventos

  • 2019/07/09 - 2019/07/12 | University of Minho, Braga

    10th Summer School Summer School in Political Philosophy & Public Policy: “Democracy, the Company, and the Limits of the Market”

  • 2019/01/29 - 2019/01/30 | University of Minho, Braga

    4th Braga Colloquium in the History of Ethics and Political Philosophy: The Politics of Emotions Historical Insights and Contemporary Challenges

  • 2018/07/03 - 2018/07/05 | University of Minho, Braga

    9th Summer School Summer School in Political Philosophy & Public Policy: Which Property? Whose Capital? Property-Owning Democracy and the Socialist Alternative,

  • 2016/06/15 - 2016/06/16 | University of Minho, Braga

    7th Annual Braga Meeting in Ethics and Political Philosophy

  • 2016/01/21 | Circolo dei Lettori, Torino (Italy)

    Filosofia e Discriminazione

  • 2014/09/08 - 2014/09/10 | Manchester, UK

    Incivility, Disobedience, and Whistleblowing: Bad Citizenship or Democratic Dissent?, Mancept Workshop in Political Theory

  • 2011/06/16 - 2011/06/18 | University of Urbino, Italy

    Another World is Possible: Conference on David Lewis

  • 2010/05/28 - 2010/05/29 | Sapienza University, Rome

    Quine’s Word and Object, Fifty Years Later

  • 2009/04/20 - 2009/04/23 | University of Genova, Italy

    Towards an Analytic Pragmatism. Workshop with Robert Brandom

  • 2008/03/07 | Luiss Guido Carli, Rome, Italy

    Workshop on Semantics and Pragmatics

Participação em eventos

  • Seminário (Por convite)

    “The digital transformation of the public sphere and the formation of consent”, workshop on “The Multifaceted View of Political Representation” ISCTE - University Institute of Lisbon, January 14, 2020

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Political Corruption and the Definition of Public Interest”, Pavia Workshop on ‘ The Political Dimension of Corruption, Department of Social and Political Studies, University of Pavia, December 18, 2015

  • Seminário (Por convite)

    Seminar on Carla Bagnoli, "Teorie della Responsabilità", Il Mulino 2019, Politeia - University of Milan, November 25, 2019

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    "Empowering Public Voices,” Focus Workshop on Whistleblowing (organized by Vigjilenca Abazi) Campus Brussels Maastricht University, September 20, 2019

  • Colóquio/Congresso (Por convite)

    “Mass Surveillance and the Epistemic Dimension of Rights”, Mancept Workshops in Political Theory 2019, Panel on ‘Debating Rights’, (conveners: G. Floris, R. Ivanescu, and D. Pala), University of Manchester, September 9-11, 2019

  • Colóquio/Congresso (Por convite)

    “Marginality and the Insignificance of Choice”, 16th Conference of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas, ISSEI, Panel on ’Philosophies and Pedagogies of Inclusion and Exclusion’, (conveners M. Papastefanou, T. Strand), University of Zaragoza, July 2019

  • Seminário (Por convite)

    “Obblighi istituzionali e dovere di denuncia”, Seminar on “Is Whistleblowing a Duty”, by E. Ceva and M. Bocchiola, Polity 2018, Politeia - University of Milano, June 2019

  • Seminário (Por convite)

    “Cos’è nell’interesse pubblico?”, Proseminar, PhD Program in Philosophy, Tor Vergata University, Rome, March 27, 2019

  • Seminário (Por convite)

    “Qu'est-ce que l'intérêt public?”, Seminar talk at Aix-Marseille School of Economics, February 7, 2018

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Isn’t Corruption based on Trust, after all?”, Workshop on “Corruption, Democracy, and Whistleblowing”, Aix-Marseille University, Nov 9, 2017

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Comments on Eric Boot’s paper: Obligatory Whistleblowing: Civil Servants and the Complicity-Based Obligation to Disclose Government Wrongdoing”, Workshop on Democratic Secrecy, University of Leiden, September 13-15, 2017.

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Dissenting in the Name of Public Interest”, Edinburgh Workshop on Disobedience and Political Protest, Faculty of Philosophy - University of Edinburgh, June 23, 2016

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Dissenting in the name of public interest”, Summer School on 3rd Summer School on Equality and Citizenship, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Rijeka, Croatia, June 6th-10th, 2016

  • Colóquio/Congresso

    “Dissenting in the Name of Public Interest”, Annual Critical Theory Conference, Institute of Philosophy at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, May 18-21, 2016

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Political Corruption and the Definition of Public Interest”, Pavia Workshop on ‘ The Political Dimension of Corruption, Department of Social and Political Studies, University of Pavia, December 18, 2015

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Whistleblowing and the Quest for Public Interest”, Workshop on Disagreements and Disobedience – Department of Social and Political Studies, University of Milan, November 19, 2015

  • Seminário (Por convite)

    “Secrecy and the Right to Dissent”, Seminaire Vives, Chaire Hoover, Université catholique de Louvain, June 23, 2015

  • Curso breve/Workshop (Por convite)

    “Proceduralism and the Epistemic Dilemma of Supreme Courts”, Workshop on Proceduralism, with Th Christiano, Ch. Girard, D. Leydet, organised by H. Pourtois, Hoover Chaire, Université Catholique de Louvain, May 8, 2015